Specific Areas of the Following Have Been Identified focus as very important:
1.a Unsafe water, poor sanitation, and hygiene
Nearly 1.1 billion people in the world are still Without access to safe drinking water. Nearly 2.4 billion people, half of all Asians Including, Lack of access to sanitary excreta Disposal means clustering.
With proper sanitation, proper hygiene, and safe drinking water, diarrhea Can Be Decreased 22% and Deaths Resulting from diarrhea Can Be Decreased 65%. Because diarrhea accounts for 12% of the Death of Children Younger than 5 years, Improvements in water and sanitation are critical to the Child Health agenda.
2.a Indoor Air Pollution
The provision of safe air to breathe That Is Is Just as important as safe water. About 2.5 billion people use solid fuels (biofuels or coal) for cooking and THEY breathe air polluted with That Is Heavily pollutants from burning thesis fuels. Ninety percent of Rural Households in low-income countries and a total of Two Thirds of the Households in developing countries use biomass fuels for cooking and / or heating. This Creates Levels of particulate and pollutant gas mixtures That Are Much Higher Than Under typical Regulatory permitted limits. About 3.6% of the Global Burden of Disease Can Be Attributed to indoor air pollution from the use of solid fuels. Behavioral interventions Such as Keeping children away from the stove DURING cooking, using dry wood, and cooking outdoors, Whenever possible, Can Be recommended by Health Care Workers.
More than a thousand one million adults smoke worldwide.it About 5 million people a year almost 14.000 Every Days are Killed by tobacco, are more Than Killed By Any Other agent. By 2025, tobacco will kill 10 million people a year, 70% of Them in Developing countries. Around 700 million, or Almost half of the world's children, breathe air polluted by secondhand smoke contains Secondhand smoke. More than 4000 different chemical compounds, Many of Which are poisons . IS Exposure Linked to Upper and Lower Respiratory Illness, Including otitis media and asthma, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and Some cancers. There Is No safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke. The World Health Organization urge all Countries to pass laws requiring all indoor public places to be 100% smoke-free.Â Pediatricians Can Take an Active Role in Supporting and Educating parents smoke-free public policies.
Children with elevated lead Levels Have lower intelligence scores, more language difficulties, Attention Problems, and Behavior disorders. A major source of exposure to leaded petrol has-been children. Currently, all purpose 16 Countries Have Eliminated lead from petrol. year Pediatricians Can Be important voice for Policies to Reduce Childre' s Exposure to lead from petrol.
5.A Vector-borne diseases
A considerable proportion of the disease burden for Four key vector-borne diseases Malaria, schistosomiasis, Japanese encephalitis, and dengue, dengue hemorrhagic fever falls on children under 5 years of age. severals of These diseases are related to Construction and housing design.s Malaria risk is great for people living in poorly Constructed houses (eg, with thatched roofs incomplete) Than For Those living in houses with brick and plaster walls complete and tiled roofs. Malaria risk if aussi Increase Housing Is Located near water misquote Where Can breed.
There Is a Striking Mismatch Between the Amount of Attention Paid to Children s environmental health in the Rich and Poor Countries countries. This is Especially startling Because data Suggest That Exposure to Children in Poor Countries May Be Much More Than frequent and severe in rich countries.